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Articles published in 2020:

+ Australian Rock Art + Mongolian Deer Stones + Kazakhstan Rock Art Sites 

+ European Cave Painting Styles + Ibex / Ram Comparison

Articles published in 2021:

+ Lion Man + Catal Hueyuek + Goebekli Tepe + Cayoenue + Hittite Hattusa

+ Saudi Paleo Past

Articles under preparation

+ Goseck cult ring + comparison of human figures 

If you do not see all the pictures   please look at the PDF file 

Cave Paintings

Lascaux    updated 02/2015    France

A cave in France filled with amazing rock paintings and engravings. The most interesting pre-historic painted cave in Europe  

Chauvet     updated 09/2016     France          

These are the most fascinating cave paintings I have seen. With a high level of artistic skill the created animal scenes look so natural but nevertheless so dynamic and powerful in their movement. UNESCO World Heritage Site

Altamira     published 10/2019     Spain

There are many Paleolithic caves in Spain, but Altamira is number one. Here you see single color black and red images as well as multi-color paintings of high artistic skill

Cave Painting Styles   published 11/2020

We explain the different cave painting styles in southern France and northern Spain across the prehistoric periods from Aurignacian to Magdalenian with regard to animal depictions


European Rock Art 

Val Camonica I    published 10/2016     Italy     

Situated on the south side of the Italian Alpes this is the largest rock art site in Europe with over 400,000 amazing engravings of animals, many human images and unique structures

Val Camonica II     published 10/2016     Italy     

Focus on Capo di Ponte area with Nasquane and Seradina-Bedolina parks and house like structures and fighting warrior scenes or "heroe" images explained

Vallee des Merveilles      published 09/2015     France

This unique alpine rock art at an altitude of 2,500 meters is possibly the highest worldwide. The reddisch oxidized rock surfaces used for engravings make it a special ceremonial site

Coa Valley     published 10/2014     Portugal       

Amazing paleolithic rock art in northern Portugal. Coa is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

Ibex / Ram Comparison   published 11/2020

Interesting comparison of ibex images in European rock art at various sites 


African Rock Art 

Bushman Rock Art     published 10/2016     South Africa & Namibia     

Southern Africa belongs to the top three rock art areas worldwide and San bushman started it. Most interesting are the trance dances with elongated human figures and nearly all animals the African bush has to offer


Australian Rock Art

Australian Rock Art     published 05/2020     Australia

This topic was long missing on our website. Australia truely is the most important destination for rock art enthusiasts. It has the most intriguing sites and interesting image galleries with amazing dream scenes   


Asian Rock Art Engravings

Iranian Rock Art    published 07/2017     Iran

Interesting and little known rock art in the Khomein area. Ibex are dominating here and are compared with very similar engravings in other countries 

Cholpon-Ata     published 11/2016     Kyrgystan

Kyrgyzstan has only few rock art sites, this is an interesting Bronze Age site with over 2,000 images

Tamgaly          published 11/2016     Kazakhstan

This is one of the most important rock art sites in Kazakhstan and a UNESCO site since 2004

Kazakhstan Rock Art Sites     published 05/2020     Kazakhstan

We have investigated further important rock art sites such as: Kulja-basy, Arpa-uzen, Eshkiolmes and Bayan-zhurek with amazing details

Chuluut River     updated 11/2016     Mongolia

This rare Mongolian rock art site was first reported in 1977 but after that little has been published on this site. See what we have 


American Rock Art Engravings

Serra Capivara     published 10/2019     Brazil

Amazing petroglyphs from Brazil which force us to re-write the history of immigration of the Americas. New dating results go back to over 30.000 years


Arabian Rock Art Engravings

Introduction     updated 04/2012    Saudi Arabia

Good introduction and overview of rock art in the Saudi Arabian desert with over 4,000 sites

Human Depictions     updated 04/2012     Saudi Arabia

Interesting analysis of unique and life size human figures in Saudi Arabian rock art

Camel Depictions     published 01/2015    Saudi Arabia

Summary and analysis of camel depictions in desert rock art

Horse Depictions     published 10/2019     Saudi Arabia     

Summary and analysis of horse depictions in pre-historic rock art

Bir Hima     updated 04/2012     Saudi Arabia       

Multiple rock art sites in the southern Saudi desert including so-called "Post Office Rock"

Jubbah     updated 04/2012     Saudi Arabia

The most intriguing and oldest rock art site in Saudi Arabia with over 4,000 panels full of human and animal depictions about 10,000 years old. Human figures are "life size" and include rare dancing groups with up to twenty dancers with or without masks and multiple body decorations 

Janin Cave     updated 04/2012     Saudi Arabia

A rare cave with the oldest hand stencils on the Arabian Peninsula assumed 10,000 years old

Yatib     updated 04/2012     Saudi Arabia

Rare palm tree engravings with camels, lions or hyenas. Small site but with over 1,000 motifs 

Wadi Adu Ud     updated 04/2012     Saudi Arabia

Panels are covered with over 4,000 animal motifs, which is typical for this unique rock art site

First Arab Scripts     updated 04/2012     Saudi Arabia

Arab scripts found engraved on rocks all over the Arabian Peninsula analysed including: Aramaic, Dedanic, Hagaric, Hismaic, Lihyanite, Minaic, Musnad, Nabataean, Sabaic, Safaitic, Taymaic, Thamudic and Wusum 


Pre-Historic Cultures

German Aurignac Culture     updated 07/2017     Germany

When Homo Sapiens moved into Europe around 40,000 BP he started an artistic revolution and produced the world's first human & animal figures plus musical instruments

Lion Man Statue     published 04/2021     Germany

It is the most amazing and oldest sculpture of mankind carved out of a mammoth ivory tusk and representing a mixed creature of a man with lion head

Aunjetitz Culture - Nebra Sky Disc     published 08/2019     Germany

Sensational discovery of a 3,600 year old bronze disc with precise night sky image found in Germany. This led to a totally new view on the little known Aunjetitz Culture

Poemmelte Cult Ring     updated 04/2020     Germany

This extraordinary site is 5,000 years old and has close connections to Stongehenge and Avery in England. With a diameter of 115 meters and various ring circles it is the most important ritual site in Germany

Goebekli Tepe     published 05/2021     Turkey

The world's first cult site with amazing monolithic structures and huge richly engraved "T" pillars possibly used for sky burials

Cayoenue     published 05/2021     Turkey

This early Neolithic settlement dated 12,000 years ago, is possibly one of the first to start metal working in the Near East

Catal Hueyuek     updated 05/2021     Turkey

This is possibliy the first proto-city erected 9,000 years ago and housed at its peak up to 8,000 inhabitants. Hunter gatherer clans settled down here with first farming and shepherding and became wealthy with obsidian long distance trading

Hittite Capital Hattusa     updated 09/2021     Turkey

The inventors of first iron weapons became a powerful empire some 3.000 years ago but finally were overtaken by Assyria

The Move "out of Africa"     updated 04/2012

First Human Emmigration of homo habilis out of Africa and what happened in the Near East 

Natuf Culture     updated 04/2012        

"Neolithic Revolution" around 15,000 years ago. Where it all started, the move from hunter & gatherers to farmers, including first fauna & flora domestication and first settlements

Al Magar Civilisation     updated 04/2012     Saudi Arabia

Surprise discovery in Saudi Arabia in 2008, domestication of horses happened here 4,500 years earlier than previously thought, that means already 9,000 years ago during the Stone Age

First Neolithic Settlement     updated 04/2012     Jordan

Examples of neolithic settlements in the Near East. So far they are the oldest houses found


Megalithic Structures 

Our Megalithic Past     published 10/2014     Portugal

Astonishing pre-historic monolith stone circles around Evora in Portugal are possibly the oldest and largest in Europe

Stonehenge     published 10/2019     Great Britain

It is not the largest and not the oldest megalithic cult ring but the most intriguing and most visited

Update: latest research results show that the megalithic rocks were not transported over hundreds of kilometres but come from Malborough just 25 km away

Greater Stonehenge     published 10/2019     Great Britain

It is a huge prehistoric landscape with many monuments including Curcus, Woodhenge, Bluehenge, Durrington Walls and Blick Mead

Mongolian Deer Stones     published 05/2020     Mongolia

This little known steppe nomad tradition so far has been neglected. Our new article will shed more light on these amazing Bronze Age stelae

Uplistsikhe    published 01/2018     Georgia

Interesting pre-historic rock carved city on the ancient "silk road" in the Kaukasus region in Georgia

Rajajeel     updated 04/2012     Saudi Arabia

50 groups of 4 meter high megalithic stone monuments in Saudi Arabia 6,000 years old and therefore 3,000 years before Stonehenge 

Cairns, Tumuli & Tombs     updated 04/2012     Saudi Arabia

Summary of ancient buriel rituals and structures in the Near East starting 9,000 years ago

Kites - Ancient Hunting Traps        updated 11/2016     Saudi Arabia

Pre-historic huge stone built hunting traps & herding structures in the Saudi & Jordan desert

Saudi Arabia's Paleolithic Past    published 04/2021     Saudi Arabia

Little is known yet about the thousands of different stone structures erected by our ancestors over 10,000 years ago on the Arabian Peninsula. This article will shed some light on mustatils, wheels, tails, keyholes and wheels


Pre-historic Weapons & Stone Tools

Paleolithic Spears     updated 04/2020     Germany 

Sensational Discovery at Schöningen, 300,000 year old wooden hunting spears of our predecessor homo heidelbergensis give proof that ancient men was far more sophisticated than previously assumed, our history books need to be re-written now!

Latest Update : recently a two meter long forest elephant tusk was found, as well as bones of a sable teeth lion = first proof of his existence in the area! 

Prehistoric Tools & Weapons     published 11/2019

Starting with the first stone tools 2.5 million years ago we show lances, catapults, bow & arrow, nets and hunting traps

The Ice Man    updated 01/2016     Italy

A sensational find of a 5,300 year old mummified body high up in the Alps in 1991 still surprises us with new results from ongoing research after 25 years